Most common treatment options for addiction:
Research studies on addiction treatment typically have classified programs into several general types or modalities. Treatment approaches and individual programs continue to evolve and diversify, and many programs today do not fit neatly into traditional drug addiction treatment classifications.
Most, however, start with detoxification and medically managed withdrawal, often considered the first stage of treatment. Detoxification, the process by which the body clears itself of drugs, is designed to manage the acute and potentially dangerous physiological effects of stopping drug use. As stated previously, detoxification alone does not address the psychological, social, and behavioral problems associated with addiction and therefore does not typically produce lasting behavioral changes necessary for recovery. Detoxification should thus be followed by a formal assessment and referral to drug addiction treatment.
Because it is often accompanied by unpleasant and potentially fatal side effects stemming from withdrawal, detoxification is often managed with medications administered by a physician in an inpatient or outpatient setting; therefore, it is referred to as “medically managed withdrawal.” Medications are available to assist in the withdrawal from opioids, benzodiazepines, alcohol, nicotine, barbiturates, and other sedatives.
Most common treatment programs for addiction
- Long-Term Residential Treatment
Long-term residential treatment provides care 24 hours a day, generally in non-hospital settings. The best-known residential treatment model is the therapeutic community (TC), with planned lengths of stay of between 6 and 12 months. TCs focus on the “resocialization” of the individual and use the program’s entire community—including other residents, staff, and the social context—as active components of treatment. Addiction is viewed in the context of an individual’s social and psychological deficits, and treatment focuses on developing personal accountability and responsibility as well as socially productive lives. Treatment is highly structured and can be confrontational at times, with activities designed to help residents examine damaging beliefs, self-concepts, and destructive patterns of behavior and adopt new, more harmonious and constructive ways to interact with others. Many TCs offer comprehensive services, which can include employment training and other support services, onsite. Research shows that TCs can be modified to treat individuals with special needs, including adolescents, women, homeless individuals, people with severe mental disorders, and individuals in the criminal justice system.
- Short-Term Residential Treatment
Short-term residential programs provide intensive but relatively brief treatment based on a modified 12-step approach. These programs were originally designed to treat alcohol problems, but during the cocaine epidemic of the mid-1980s, many began to treat other types of substance use disorders. The original residential treatment model consisted of a 3- to 6-week hospital-based inpatient treatment phase followed by extended outpatient therapy and participation in a self-help group, such as AA. Following stays in residential treatment programs, it is important for individuals to remain engaged in outpatient treatment programs and/or aftercare programs. These programs help to reduce the risk of relapse once a patient leaves the residential setting.
- Outpatient Treatment Programs
Outpatient treatment varies in the types and intensity of services offered. Such treatment costs less than residential or inpatient treatment and often is more suitable for people with jobs or extensive social supports. It should be noted, however, that low-intensity programs may offer little more than drug education. Other outpatient models, such as intensive day treatment, can be comparable to residential programs in services and effectiveness, depending on the individual patient’s characteristics and needs. In many outpatient programs, group counseling can be a major component. Some outpatient programs are also designed to treat patients with medical or other mental health problems in addition to their drug disorder.
- Individualized Drug Counseling
Individualized drug counseling not only focuses on reducing or stopping illicit drug or alcohol use; it also addresses related areas of impaired functioning—such as employment stater., illegal activity, and family/social relations—as well as the content and structure of the patient’s recovery program. Through its emphasis on short-term behavioral goals, individualized counseling helps the patient develop coping strategies and tools to abstain from drug use and maintain abstinence. The addiction counselor encourages 12-step participation (at least one or two times per week) and makes referrals for needed supplemental medical, psychiatric, employment, and other services.
- Group Counseling
Many therapeutic settings use group therapy to capitalize on the social reinforcement offered by peer discussion and to help promote drug-free lifestyles. Research has shown that when group therapy either is offered in conjunction with individualized drug counseling or is formatted to reflect the principles of cognitive-behavioral therapy or contingency management, positive outcomes are achieved. Currently, researchers are testing conditions in which group therapy can be standardized and made more community-friendly.
I’m adding on a treatment ad on option to these programs:
Peer Counseling for Addiction
This means, counseling from an individual that has real life experience with addiction, and recovery. Someone who has been where you are, knows what you are experiencing, and even what is going through your thoughts. A person with years in recovery under their belt, has experienced relapses, and knows how to help you because they have been there and have reached a point in recovery in which you desire to achieve and can help you achieve that. As a peer counselor, I can personally say that I am more relentless in keeping my clients on task because I can anticipate their next moves, and how they will react and can lead them through bad days. I take it as a personal failure if a client relapses and we get back up together and push twice as hard to keep our “Lapse” , from becoming a full “Relapse”. This option is better for certain people, not all, but it is certainly beneficial.
I offer ONLINE, with Skype, live video chat sessions and my Skype name is Amy B. Madmom05.
To get more information or schedule a intake session, visit my contact page and get in touch with me. Id be happy to see you ASAP.
Types of addictive substances
(cocaine, crack, amphetamines) give a temporary
illusion of enhanced power and energy. As the initial
elevation of mood fades, depression and other serious
medical problems may emerge, including heart attacks,
seizures, strokes, and violent, erratic, anxious, or paranoid
2. Cocaine use during pregnancy may result in miscarriage,
stillbirth, or low birth–weight babies who may be drug-
dependent and may later develop behavioral or learning
difficulties. Long-term amphetamine abuse can result in
psychosis with symptoms that include paranoid delusions
Heroin is an opioid drug in the same class as medications like
morphine. It can be injected with a needle or inhaled. Heroin
produces an intense feeling of pleasure when a person first
begins to use it. Occasional use of heroin often progresses to
dependence or addiction. Skipping use of heroin for an
addicted person can lead to significant withdrawal symptoms
such as chills, sweating, runny nose and eyes, abdominal
cramps, muscle pains, insomnia, nausea, and diarrhea.
Heroin use during pregnancy may result in miscarriage,
stillbirth, premature delivery, or drug-dependent babies.
Injecting heroin introduces substances into their
bloodstream, that can result in severe damage to the heart,
lungs, and brain. In addition, needle sharing spreads
diseases—this is the leading cause of all new HIV and
Opiate abuse can bring about significant and long-lasting
chemical changes in the brain.These changes cause a
person to experience intense cravings and negative
emotions when they try to stop. Several medications can be
used to treat heroin addiction including buprenorphine,
methadone and naltrexone.
Hallucinogens are drugs such as LSD (acid) or designer
drugs (ecstasy) that are taken orally and cause hallucinations
and feelings of euphoria. Dangers from LSD include stressful
flashbacks—re-experiencing the hallucinations despite not
having taken the drug again, sometimes even years later.
Excessive use of ecstasy, combined with strenuous physical
activity, can lead to death from dehydration or an
exceptionally high fever.
Addiction is a serious illness and can ruin health, finances,
relationships, and careers.The abuse of drugs and alcohol
is a leading cause of preventable illnesses and premature
death in our society.The importance of substance abuse
treatment cannot be overstated, and fortunately many
effective treatments are available.
Consequences of Use
Most adults are familiar with alcohol and its effects.
Alcohol is a legal drug that can produce pleasant effects
with lower amounts, but that can produce dangerous
effects with higher amounts. People often drink alcohol
during social occasions. Unfortunately, the reckless
behavior that often results from excessive drinking is a
leading cause of serious injury and accidental death.
Alcoholism is an illness in which a person loses the
ability to control their drinking, and it is often associated
with the development of problems in work, relationships,
and health. It is an illness that tends to run in families and
is often associated with depression. Alcoholism can have
devastating effects on health, including serious liver
damage, greater risk of heart disease, impotence, infertility,
and premature aging. Alcohol is the most common cause
of preventable birth defects, including fetal alcohol
An alcoholic who needs to drink daily should stop their
use of alcohol under the supervision of a physician, and
may need medication during their withdrawal.There are
medications that can help reduce the compelling desire to
drink alcohol.Treatment is more successful early in the
development of alcoholism than when the illness has been
allowed to progress for years.
Marijuana is the most widespread and frequently used
illicit drug and is associated with short-term memory loss,
accelerated heartbeat, increased blood pressure, difficulty
with concentrating and processing information, lapses in
judgment, and problems with perception and motor skills.
Years of marijuana use can lead to a loss of ambition
and an inability to carry out long-term plans or to function
Inhalants are breathable chemicals like glue, paint thinner,
lighter fluid.They are commonly abused by teenagers
because they are easy to obtain and because they
produce mind-altering effects when sniffed or “huffed.”
These chemicals reach the bloodstream very quickly and
can be deadly. High concentrations of inhalant fumes can
cause heart failure or suffocation and long-term abuse can
cause permanent damage to the nervous system.
Sedatives are highly effective medications prescribed by
physicians to relieve anxiety and to promote sleep.
Harmful effects can occur when taken in excess or without
a physician’s supervision. Combining sedatives with
alcohol or other drugs greatly increases the likelihood of
death by overdose. Women who abuse sedatives during
pregnancy may deliver babies with birth defects who also
may be physically dependent on drugs.
Nicotine in tobacco products has addictive properties
similar in severity to those of heroin. Quitting is difficult
because of the unpleasantness of withdrawal, which
involves feelings of irritability, frustration, anger, anxiety,
insomnia, and depression. Continued smoking may lead to
far more dire circumstances, including lung cancer, heart
attacks, emphysema, high blood pressure, and ulcers.
The first step on the road to recovery is recognition of the
problem, but often this process is complicated by a lack of
understanding about substance abuse and addiction or
denial. In these cases, the intervention of concerned
friends and family often prompts treatment.
Addiction is a chronic illness like heart disease, high
cholesterol or high blood pressure. People with these
chronic diseases are prone to relapse. Because substance
abuse affects many aspects of a person’s life, multiple
forms of treatment are often required. For most, a
combination of medication and individual or group therapy
is most effective. Medications are used to control drug
cravings and relieve severe symptoms of withdrawal.
Therapy can help addicted individuals understand their addiction.
T his is an exciting day for us as we have just written our very 1st edition of the Madmom05 Newsletter. I posted photos of the whole document below for you to click on save and read, or by clicking on the Link in blue below, you will be automatically taken to a reader only version of the complete document. Since this is the first one it’s very important to me and I would appreciate input on it, advice, any other information that you may have for me to improve on our future editions. Thank you to all my followers, supporters and friends out there who believe in me and my vision for this website.
Click on the Link to read our 1st Newsletter
The Link below will redirect you to a Read Only version of this document, the original is in Word Format, and I don’t know if it can be converted or not to pdf file, so please click the link below and show your support in my mission and cause. This newsletter is completely made up by myself, I am the original Author, and am also not a medical professional…..ClickBlueLinkBelow……
Asks’s Madmom05: Visit my Facebook pg please and join me in my recovery and help support my mission to lead others to recovery, stop addiction before it starts through education, and getting the truth out there. I need my countries support here, please? I can’t do it alone, just like I couldn’t do recovery alone. Help me, help others and join my cause!
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM A TOOLBOX?
Whether you are thinking about sobriety, are in the early stages of it, or are well into it, you can benefit from having a Toolbox. Actually, if you are human you can benefit from a Toolbox.
If you are still drinking/drugging/whatevering, you can start incorporating these things NOW. By doing this, you effectively soften the blow when you remove the harmful substance. Adding in healthy coping tools before the quit creates new habits, new synapses in the brain, new circuitry. You effectively train yourself to seek the healthy coping mechanism/tool, and as you move through quitting the bad stuff, your body has learned other ways to self-soothe/balance/cope.
#Madmom05realRecovery-A personal note:
The most used “Tool” that I have in my own Addiction Recovery Toolbox, is for times of acute and sudden stress, days in which im feeling particularly depressed or am so close to giving in, actually can be accessed through anyone’s YouTube app! I made a #motivationinRecovery playlist and added all my favorite speeches or talks, or songs that motivate me to keep going and to not give up. I listen to them and slowly but surely my thinking eventually begins to change and I get that boost of confidence I need to realize that not only was I triggered, but I can name what triggered me, note any red flag thoughts or actions that I had prior to that and begin to plan ways to better avoid that in the future, even potentially training myself to catch the red flags, and then immediately redirect myself towards something that effectively holds my attention and mind away from the problem/problems that lead me to thinking about giving up my sobriety. I’m not near there as of yet, but with practice I know I can be my own defense and win in the long as long as I prepare for absolutely anything that could cause me to fail.
Thank you to all my followers, readers, supporters, friends and family,
Links Below to my Blog Sites: please visit everyone!